Preventing Iran

from Getting a

Nuclear Weapon

The United States brought the world together to negotiate the most comprehensive and restrictive nuclear agreement in history — to prevent Iran now and in the future from ever getting a nuclear bomb.


Top general says Iran complying with nuclear deal

The Hill, Sep. 26, 2017

Iran complying with nuclear deal, IAEA says

CBS News, Nov. 13, 2017

Despite Faults, Iran Nuclear Deal Works, Israeli Military Chief Tells Haaretz

Haaretz, Mar. 30, 2018

“Top general says Iran complying with

nuclear deal”

The Hill, Sep. 26, 2017

“Iran complying with nuclear deal,

IAEA says”

CBS News, Nov. 13, 2017

“Despite Faults, Iran Nuclear Deal Works,

Israeli Military Chief Tells Haaretz”

Haaretz, Mar. 30, 2018

But today, this historic agreement is in danger. The United States is threatening to go back on its commitment and pull out of the agreement.


“This agreement represents our best chance to stop an Iranian bomb without another war in the Middle East.”

— Former Republican Sen. Richard Lugar

“It makes sense to me that our holding up agreements that we have signed, unless there’s a material breach, would have an impact on others’ willingness to sign agreements.”

— Gen. Joseph Dunford, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Quote icon

United States Senate, Transcript, Sep. 26, 2017

“This agreement represents the best chance to make sure Iran never obtains a weapon and the best chance for Congress to support American diplomacy — without taking any options off the table for this or future presidents.”

— Brig. Gen. Shlomo Brom (Ret.), Former Director of the Strategic Planning Division of the Israeli Defense Forces

About the Iran

Nuclear Deal

A pile of papers

Also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)

The most comprehensive nuclear restrictions ever negotiated to prevent a nuclear bomb

159 pages controlling Iran's nuclear program

Start date: January 16, 2016

Around-the-clock, on-the-ground monitoring for all activities

No expiration date on the most stringent inspections- eyes and ears on the ground in perpetuity

Verification via the most advanced technology anywhere in the world

As a result:

Nuclear sanctions suspended

U.S. trade embargo, terrorism and missile sanctions remain in place

“Don't trust...And verify, verify, verify.

— Ernest J. Moniz, Former U.S. Energy Secretary

Key restrictions

are permanent

and never sunset

Three guards

Iran can never seek, develop or acquire nuclear weapons

Iran is prohibited from weaponization activities

Iran is bound by the most intrusive inspection regime in the world
The IAEA may conduct inspections at any site within 24 days

Iran must notify the IAEA immediately if the decision is made to construct any nuclear facility

Iran can't produce and stockpile plutonium

Over time, certain restrictions are lifted, but

Essential verification

and monitoring

never ends

A magnifying glass looking at Iran


IAEA monitoring of all uranium mines and mills


International monitoring of the production, assembly and storage of machines used to enrich uranium


Production and storage limitations

  • 300 kg max of uranium, enriched only up to 3.67%
  • 130 tonnes heavy water
  • Zero plutonium separation or affiliated facilities
  • Zero uranium or plutonium metal acquisition or research
  • 1 site for uranium enrichment or enrichment R&D
  • Daily inspections
  • Zero uranium enrichment or related R&D at Fordow
  • Daily inspections
  • Zero hot cells at unapproved sites


Permission to operate only 5,060 first-generation centrifuges

  • Nearly 75% decrease in centrifuges from the peak of Iran’s nuclear program





Severe reduction in R&D of more advanced centrifuges

Swift and



if Iran cheats or does not comply

A pile of papers

The Joint Commission

Permanently in force to monitor progress and resolve disputes

The United States

Can snap back international sanctions immediately

Iran rolled back

their nuclear


to get nuclear sanctions relief

A steel door

Centrifuges: 2/3 dismantled or removed

Crossed out centrifuge icon Crossed out centrifuge icon Centrifuge icon

Central unit of the planned research reactor: Removed and filled with concrete

If allowed to be completed, it could have produced enough plutonium for 1-2 bombs/year

Remaining uranium: Removed and downblended

As a result:

Iran's timeframe to accumulate enough enriched uranium for a nuclear weapon went from weeks to one year

Even within one year, activities would be highly visible and detectable

No restrictions on the United States’ ability to confront Iran’s dangerous regional actions

The United States

had a lead role

in negotiations

working with a strong global coalition

A pile of papers
UK flag

United Kingdom

French flag


German flag


Russian flag


Chinese flag


European Union flag

European Union

The agreement

was reached after many years of hard work

A steel door

Endorsed by the UN Security Council

Supported and enforced by countries around the world

“If fully implemented, the JCPOA will create a wider gap between peaceful nuclear energy and nuclear weapons development than I had thought possible.”

— Siegfried Hecker, former director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory

“The JCPOA addresses one of the principal threats that we deal with from Iran, so if the JCPOA goes away, then we will have to have another way to deal with their nuclear weapons program.”

— Gen. Joseph Votel, Commander of the U.S. Central Command


the deal

unprecedented access and information about Iran's nuclear activities would be lost

A shredded document

“The JCPOA is a substantial gain for verification, because the combination of the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement, Additional Protocol and additional transparency measures represents the most robust verification system in existence anywhere in the world.”

— Yukiya Amano, IAEA Director General

In 2017


calendar days/year spent by IAEA inspectors at multiple Iranian sites


tamper-proof seals installed on nuclear material and equipment


documents collected/month

IAEA visits since Jan. 17, 2016




short notice

Quote icon

As noted in a speech by IAEA Dir. Gen. Yukiya Amano, Mar. 5, 2018


increase in facility surveillance cameras as of 2017


increase in verification activities by IAEA inspectors

Our inspectors are on the ground 24/7. We also monitor Iran’s nuclear facilities and centrifuge manufacturing and testing locations. … We have regular access to more locations under the Additional Protocol, which has also provided the agency with more information about Iran’s nuclear programme.”

— Yukiya Amano, IAEA Director General

With the deal

The United States can confront Iran's dangerous regional actions:

A steel door

Supporting Hezbollah and terrorist proxy groups

Providing arms, funding and personnel to the Assad regime in Syria and rebels in Yemen

Violating human rights

Pursuing ballistic missile development, in defiance of UN resolutions

The United States brought the world together to prevent an Iranian nuclear bomb, and it must meet its commitments or risk isolation from allies and partners, including the United Kingdom, Germany and France. As the U.S. meets its obligations under the deal, the world must ensure that Iran does too, with vigorous enforcement and verification.

“Without an agreement, Iran will be free to act as it wishes, whereas the sanctions regime against it will crumble in any case… if the nuclear issue is of cardinal existential importance, what is the point of cancelling an agreement that distances Iran from the bomb?

— Efraim Halevy, former Director of the Mossad, former head of the Israeli National Security Council

The Iran Deal is

essential to

global security

The world with a shield

Support from

across the

political spectrum

Two hands up in the air

military leaders, nuclear weapons experts and our allies and partners around the world

As noted in:

National Coalition to Prevent an Iranian Nuclear Weapon, "Keep the Iran Deal — 10 Good Reasons Why," Mar. 2018
Richard L. Garwin, et. al, Letter to President-Elect Trump, Jan. 1, 2017
Maj. Gen. (ret.) Dr, Yitzhak Arad, et. al, Statement in Favor of Preserving Iran Nuclear Agreement, Apr. 26, 2018

The Iran deal — the most comprehensive and restrictive nuclear agreement in history, preventing a nuclear-armed Iran

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